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Publishing Fees

Open Access provides free and immediate online access to the scholarly literature for anyone in the world to read, distribute and reuse. Articles that are accepted for publication following rigorous peer review incur a publishing fee. Please consult the table below for information on Article Processing Charges (APCs):

Article Type


Original Research, Review

Category A - US$ 1,950


Category B - US$ 1,500

Editorial, Special, Letter to the Editor

Category C - US$ 1,000

For more information on ES3's program of waivers and discounts, please refer to the: Funding Support page.

To apply for a waiver, please see the Journal's waiver request form: